Lumbar spine

The lumbar spine connects the thoracic spine to the sacrum, and is the base of the trunk. The human lumbar spine is particularly stressed by the upright gait. Thus, many painful clinical pictures are causally associated with wear of the intervertebral discs (degenerative discopathy, osteochondrosis, herniated disc, disc herniation) or the vertebral joints (intervertebral joint arthrosis, facet joint arthrosis). The diseases are differentiated with X-rays of the lumbar spine, functional images of the lumbar spine, or magnetic resonance imaging.